Volume 9, Issue 3

Silage Characteristics and Preference of West Africa Dwarf Goat for Elephant Grass Ensiled with Cassava Peel and Brewer Dried Grain
Original Research
The silage characteristics and preferences of WAD goats for elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) ensiled with varying levels of brewer dried grain (BDG) and Cassava peel (CP) was investigated as follows: Treatment 1 (100% P. purpureum); Treatment 2 (60% P. purpureum + 40% B DG + 0% CP); Treatment 3 (60% P. purpureum + 30% BDG + 10% CP); Treatment 4 (60% P. purpureum + 20% BDG + 20% CP) + Treatment 5 (60% P. purpureum + 10% BDG + 30% CP); Treatment 6 (60% P. purpureum + 0% BDG + 40% CP). The silage was allowed to ferment for 56 days. Result revealed pH (3.95-5.27), Ammonia NH3 (0.90-1.05) and water soluble carbohydrate WSC (1.08-1.24). Chemical composition showed that it contained 25.30% - 51.80% dry matter (DM), 10.95 – 21.80% crude protein (CP), 15.51 - 17.90% ash content, 3.50 – 3.85% ether extract (EE), 62.00 – 64.25% Neutral detergent fiber (NDF), 29.00 – 32.33% Acid detergent fiber (ADF), 12.75 – 13.90% Acid detergent lignin (ADL). There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the ether extract (EE) across the silage mixtures. The order of preference of silage diet by WAD goat is T2, T3, T4, T6, T5 and T1. Elephant grass ensiled with cassava peels and brewer dried grain (BDG) holds potentials as silage feed for ruminants showing better quality and acceptability by WAD goat as BDG increased in the diets.
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021, 9(3), 109-115. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-9-3-5
Pub. Date: December 06, 2021
Potentials of Signal Grass Ensiled with Brewer’s Dried Grain and Cassava Peel as Feed for Ruminant Animals during the Dry Season
Original Research
Forage scarcity in the dry season is a challenge for ruminant production in the tropics. The utilization of Brachiaria decumbens, particularly as silage can bridge this gap. The potentials of Brachiaria decumbens ensiled with varying levels of brewers’ dried grain (BDG) and cassava peel as dry season feed for West African dwarf (WAD) goats were assessed. Different mixtures of Brachiaria decumbens, BDG and cassava peel were ensiled as follow: T1:100% B. decumbens, T2:60% B. decumbens + 40%BDG + 0% cassava peel; T3:60% B. decumbens+ 30% BDG+10% cassava peel, T4: 60% B. decumbens+ 20% BDG+20% cassava peel, T5:60% B. decumbens + 10% BDG+ 30% cassava peel, T6:60% B. decumbens+ 40% cassava peel. The silages were offered to twelve West African Dwarf Goat to assess the preference of the silage in a cafeteria experiment. Appearance, odour, colour and texture had acceptable physical attributes with pH value ranging from 4.3- 4.7. Chemical composition of the silage diet showed 24.60-43.90% Dry matter (DM),15.80-17.66% Crude protein (CP), 15.80-17.66% Ash, 3.37-3.68% Ether extract (EE), 71.45-73.85% Neutral detergent fiber (NDF), 50.65-53.30% Acid detergent fiber (ADF), 23.30-24.60% Acid detergent lignin (ADL), 20.45 -23.20% Hemicellulose, 27.35-29.05% Cellulose, 0.24- 0.26% Calcium. DM, CP and hemicellulose were significantly affected. The coefficient of preference and percentage of preference shows that treatment 1 which is 100% Brachiaria decumbens was more preferred by goat than other silage mixture. The order of preference was T1>T2>T6>T3>T4>T5. The result showed that Brachiaria decumbens ensiled with BDG and cassava can be preserved as feed for ruminant in time of fed scarcity.
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021, 9(3), 100-108. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-9-3-4
Pub. Date: December 06, 2021
Importance, Genetic Diversity and Prospects for Varietal Improvement of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) in Burkina Faso
Review Article
Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is a very important spice for rural and urban communities in Burkina Faso. Cultivation of ginger is mainly practiced by traditional farmers, and its commercialisation offers substantial income to farmers, traders and processors. The tuber contains enormous medicinal and nutritional potential, and can thus contribute to qualitative improvement of the diet of consumers. Despite the many advantages of this plant, it remained underexploited due to insufficient knowledge of cultivation methods, its cycle duration and its water requirement, which confines the crop mainly to the western region of Burkina Faso. Such under-exploitation has been exacerbated due to little attention dedicated to ginger research in the country. Therefore, preservation and improvement of ginger quality represent an important challenge for the various actors of this crop’s industry. The present review highlights the importance of ginger, its role in crop diversification, its medicinal and nutritional properties, as well as the future areas of selection and genetic improvement of this species in Burkina Faso.
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021, 9(3), 92-99. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-9-3-3
Pub. Date: December 07, 2021
Significant Heterosis Detected from Hybridization of Parents with Agro-morphological Variability in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)
Original Research
Sesame is an important oilseed crop in Burkina Faso. However, varieties currently under cultivation are low yielding and susceptible to biotic or abiotic stresses. In such a context, an increase in sesame production would be possible either from an increase in the crop cultivation area or improvement of productivity traits. To create new and more productive varieties, seven lines from a local cultivar referred to as Senekuru were crossed with the improved and popular variety S42 during the dry season 2018-19, at Farakoba research station. Mid-parent heterosis, heterobeltiosis and the variability within the material were assessed during the rainy season 2019 using an Augmented Block Design. Standard agronomic practices were applied to the trials. The analysis of variance revealed highly significant differences among the genotypes for all the traits. Mid-parent heterosis and heterobeltiosis varied from cross to cross and from trait to trait. Concerning seed yield, the best value of mid-parent heterosis (87.44%) was obtained with Senekuru-3-1/S42, while Senekuru-2-1/S42 presented the best heterobeltiosis (40.34%). The main yield contributing traits in sesame production were plant height, branch number, and capsule number. Then, it was contended that hybrid seeds can significantly increase sesame productivity, provided that a practical hybridisation approach is applied.
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021, 9(3), 85-91. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-9-3-2
Pub. Date: October 06, 2021
Detection of Seed Borne Fungi on Market Storing Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L.) Seeds in Mogadishu, Somalia
Original Research
The seed-borne fungi are serious parasitic pathogen that invades the quality and health of seeds. The objective of this study was to determine dominant seed-borne fungi in market stored sorghum seeds in Mogadishu Somalia. Health seeds acts an important role in successful farming, the detection of a crop Fungi are the main part of microflora connected with seeds. Methods. The study design was experimental research using standard blotter methods, the study was conducted in Mogadishu, the capital city of Somalia. Four samples of sorghum seeds were collected 250gs per sample from different market place In Mogadishu, like Bakara Market, Suuqbacad market, Seybiyano Market, and Dayniile market, the samples were used for the finding of seed-borne fungi. The first group was washed with distilled water and rubbed before planting, while the second group was not washed directly planted. Five hundred seeds were put on wet plastic soft tissue and then placed in a Petri dish at the rate of 25 seeds/plate. The result: The totality of positive sample in all seeds (n=100 washed, n=400 unwashed), was 106 seeds with (21.2%). The two serious fungi species, Fusarium spp, and Aspergillosis spp with percentages of 25(6.25%) and 11(2.75%) respectively. The occurrence of the seed-born fungi in sorghum seeds is a primary sign of the existence of other seed-borne pathogens which can affect the seeds and consumer health. The recommendation is to start farmers learning the safe storage techniques of seeds, and safe seed treatment before use.
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021, 9(3), 80-84. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-9-3-1
Pub. Date: June 06, 2021