Skip Navigation Links.
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 12 (2024)</span>Volume 12 (2024)
Issue 1, Volume 12, 2024
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 11 (2023)</span>Volume 11 (2023)
Issue 4, Volume 11, 2023
Issue 3, Volume 11, 2023
Issue 2, Volume 11, 2023
Issue 1, Volume 11, 2023
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 10 (2022)</span>Volume 10 (2022)
Issue 4, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 3, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 2, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 1, Volume 10, 2022
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 9 (2021)</span>Volume 9 (2021)
Issue 3, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 2, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 1, Volume 9, 2021
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 8 (2020)</span>Volume 8 (2020)
Issue 4, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 3, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 2, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 1, Volume 8, 2020
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 7 (2019)</span>Volume 7 (2019)
Issue 4, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 3, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 2, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1, Volume 7, 2019
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 6 (2018)</span>Volume 6 (2018)
Issue 4, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 3, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 2, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 1, Volume 6, 2018
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 5 (2017)</span>Volume 5 (2017)
Issue 6, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 5, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 4, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 3, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 2, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 1, Volume 5, 2017
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 4 (2016)</span>Volume 4 (2016)
Issue 6, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 5, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 4, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 3, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 2, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 1, Volume 4, 2016
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 3 (2015)</span>Volume 3 (2015)
Issue 6, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 5, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 4, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 3, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 2, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 1, Volume 3, 2015
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 2 (2014)</span>Volume 2 (2014)
Issue 6A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 5, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 4, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 3, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 2, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 1, Volume 2, 2014
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 1 (2013)</span>Volume 1 (2013)
Issue 6, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 5, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 4, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 3, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 2, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 1, Volume 1, 2013

Volume 2, Issue 5

Competitiveness of Gum Arabic Marketing System at Elobeid Crops Market, North Kordofan State, Sudan
Original Research
Gum Arabic (GA) subsector in Sudan is largely structured by performance of its marketing systems and prevailing policy intervention. The marketing systems of GA commodity are indicated by the rural traditional, the urban and the auction markets. The commodity has been exposed to different scenarios of policy innervations ranging from monopoly, concession, liberalization and oligopoly measures. The current paper is intended to describe and assess the competence of gum Arabic marketing system at Elobeid Crops Market (ECsM) under the prevailing policy measures. Investigations, in such respect, entail to identify of the active GA stakeholders, market infrastructures, administrative setups, marketing channels, forces of supply and demand, pricing mechanisms and quality control measures. The paper applied a composite of research methodologies including descriptive statistics and policy analysis matrix. The findings revealed that GA producers, as major stakeholders, do not often exist physically at ECsM. The gum Arabic companies do not show up directly at the auction market. Results emphasized varying comparative advantages and competiveness pertaining GA trade at the auction market. Additionally, the oligopoly nature of the market is still predominating despite the adopted liberalization measures. Having understood the nature and complexity of GA local marketing systems in the North Kordofan State, the current paper proposed some arguments for improving competence GA stakeholders in the market.
why does my boyfriend cheat cheat on boyfriend how to get your boyfriend to cheat on you
catch a cheat click how to catch a cheater
how many guys cheat read how women cheat
how much does an abortion cost montechristo.co.za how expensive are abortions
women who cheat on relationships insight.nestingen.com signs of unfaithful husband
cvs weekly deals click drug prescription card
post abortion stories bubsandbeans.com.au abortion clinics in chicago
pet rx coupon click pharmacy codes
how many women cheat storyofcheating.com why do people cheat
coupons for prescription drugs drug coupon cialis coupon free
pet prescription discount card open lilly cialis coupon
viagra rezeptfrei http://viagrapillenkruidvat.com erectiepil apotheek
free prescription discount cards cialis coupon card drug coupons
escitalopram afbouwen blog.cr-inside.org escitalopram teva
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 252-256. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-9
Pub. Date: October 22, 2014
22108 Views7322 Downloads35 Likes
The Development of Diets to Induce Atherogenic Lipid Profiles for Cynomolgus Monkeys in Their Country of Origin
Original Research
Understanding the process of atherosclerosis progress can be studied in laboratory animals, such as nonhuman primate (NHP). Investigators at Bogor Agricultural University Indonesia, Primate Research Center (IPB) reported to develop an atherogenic diet (IPB 1) by using fresh egg yolk and coconut oil as source of cholesterol and fat. The aims of the research were to correct nutritional inadequacy in the initial IPB 1 atherogenic diet by supplementation with corn oil (IPB 1+CO); to use dry powdered egg yolk (PEY) instead of fresh egg yolk (IPB 1+CO+PEY); to use concentrated source of protein (43%) pupae meal (PM) instead of soya meal (IPB 1+CO+PM) ; and to use crystalline cholesterol (CC) instead of egg yolk (IPB 1+CO+CC). Twenty four Macaca fascicularis were used as animal model for three months adaptation followed by 12 months for four diet treatments. Parameters measured such body weight, waist circumference, trunk length, adiposity index, nutrient utilization, and plasma lipid profile every three months. This experiment used Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and six replications. Result showed that there were no significant differences found in morphometric parameters among the diet groups compared to one another or change from baseline. The nutrient (protein, fat and carbohydrate) consumption and the absorption were essentially the same for all four diet groups. The IPB 1+CO diet, the IPB 1+CO+PM diet and the IPB 1+CO+CC induced a similar atherogenic plasma lipid profile, with marked increases in total plasma cholesterol concentrations.
desi adult stories tolobel.com maami sex stories
adult breastfeeding stories click mom sex stories
viagra free sample coupons singlvkuchyni.cz viagra coupon
printable free coupons bvandam.com free rx coupons
women cheat on men link married men who cheat
neurontin 400mg levofloxacin zovirax pill
acyclovir 800mg gruene-kehl.de dutasteride 0.5mg
discount prescriptions online link free coupon sites
promo code for walgreens site walgreens photo coupons online
discount drug coupons blog.alpacanation.com viagra coupon card
viagra rezeptfrei viagra rezeptfrei gunstig erectiepil apotheek
cipromed blog.devparam.com ciprol
imodium rapid blog.ruleof3.ae imodium valerie
niacin niacin band niasinamid
reglan bez recepta tracyawheeler.com reglan upute
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 247-251. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-8
Pub. Date: October 17, 2014
21347 Views6854 Downloads34 Likes4 Citations
Pharmacognostical investigation of Plectranthus hadiensis (Forssk.) Schweinf. ex Sprenger. and Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng
Original Research
Plectranthus hadiensis (Forssk.) Schweinf. ex Sprenger. and Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (Lamiaceae) are two medicinal plants with taxonomic ambiguity. Even though both plants are similar in appearance, their therapeutic properties are different. However, incorrectly use of these plants in herbal formulations might adversely effect on therapeutic properties of herbal drugs. Present study describes the comprehensive pharmacognostic aspects of P.hadiensis and P. amboinicus by means of physical and chemical yield parameters. Morphological, anatomical Thin Layer Chromatographic profiles, essential oil content and composition were carried out according to the established protocols. Plant fresh and dry weights of both species were increased with the maturity while dry fresh ratio was decreased. Physical and chemical yield parameters were optimum at fully matured stage. TLC finger print profiles exhibited nine spots for P. hadiensis while five spots for P. amboinicus and yellow green (Rf 0.73) spot was characteristic to P. hadiensis, while violet-blue (Rf 0.61) and brown- red (Rf 0.55) were characteristic spots for P. amboinicus. P-Cymene, Gerenyl acetate and geraniol were identified as common compounds for both species. Presence of higher chemical and physical parameters scientifically validates the traditional claims of harvesting of both plants at fully maturity stage. Results of the present study either singularly or as a whole could be incorporated for quality control and standardization of P. hadiensis and P. amboinicus.
viagra free sample coupons printable viagra coupon viagra coupon
women who cheat on relationships insight.nestingen.com signs of unfaithful husband
when is the latest you can get an abortion open abortion right or wrong
walgreens photo print coupon walgreens photo coupons code coupon for medication
promo code for walgreens walgreens in store photo coupon walgreens photo coupons online
how many women cheat storyofcheating.com why do people cheat
at home abortions link how late can you have an abortion
reglan bez recepta tracyawheeler.com reglan upute
antepsin til hest antepsin alternative antepsin endikasyon
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 240-246. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-7
Pub. Date: October 03, 2014
25598 Views8753 Downloads56 Likes1 Citations
Evaluation of Maize Variety for Northern Leaf Blight (Trichometasphaeria turcica) in South Omo zone
Original Research
Maize is a staple food crop which plays a role in food security in . It is affected by many diseases that reduces yield. The majour control methods are chemical and cultural. However , such options are unsustainable to the smallholder resource poor. An experiment conducted on station in evaluated 12 improved maize varieties and one local check using Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications.The objective of the study was to select a maize variety or varieties resistant to northern leaf blight. The variety BH660 was highly resistant compare to the other tested varieties with the incidence of 13.7% and a grain yield of 3.7kg/plot. The variety BH543 was susceptible with the incidence of 52.3% and it gave grain yield of 3.4kg/plot.On the other hand BHQPY545 and local check were susceptible to northern leaf blight but their yields were 4.1kg/plot and 3.8kg/plot respectively. This indicates that the local check and BHQPY545 were able to tolerate high disease pressure. Therefore, the variety BHQPY545 is recommended for mid land maize production areas of South Omo zone.
free malayalam hot sex stories site adult stories choose your own adventure
sms spy android allindiasweetsrestaurant.com message spy app android
viagra free sample coupons singlvkuchyni.cz viagra coupon
walgreens store coupon walgreens in store coupons walgreens photo printing coupons
internet drug coupons fyter.cn drug coupons
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
abortion pro life teen abortions abortion clinics in birmingham al
generic cialis lipseysguns.com www.cialis.com coupon
free prescription discount cards codesamples.in drug coupons
imodium rapid imodium rapid imodium valerie
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 237-239. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-6
Pub. Date: October 02, 2014
15283 Views4635 Downloads33 Likes
Sites Regression GGE Biplot Analysis of Haricot Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes in three Contrasting Environments
Original Research
Fourteen haricot bean genotypes were evaluated at three contrasting environments in Ethiopia during 2007-2009 main cropping seasons. The objective of the study was to determine the magnitude and pattern of G × E interaction and yield stability, and to determine the best performing varieties for selection environments. The study was conducted using a randomized complete block design with 4 replications. G × E interaction and yield stability were estimated using the sites regression genotype plus G × E interaction biplot. Pooled analysis of variance for grain yield showed significant (p ≤ 0.001) differences among the genotypes, environments and for G × E interaction effects. This indicated that the genotypes differentially responded to the changes in the test environments or the test environments differentially discriminated the genotypes or both. Environment accounted for 50.2% of the total yield variation, genotype for 29.1% and G × E interaction for 18.3%, indicating the necessity for testing haricot bean varieties at multi-locations and over years. The first two multiplicative component terms sum of squares of the GGE biplot explained 85.76% of the interaction sum of squares. There were no single genotypes that showed generally superior performance across all the test environments but genotype 213-FOT-15 followed by other three better performing genotypes including 551-SEQ-1024, BAYOMADERO-75 and ZEBRA, were ranked first in 78% and 67% of the nine test environments, respectively and identified as stable based on GGE analysis. Generally, the application of sites regression GGE biplots facilitated the visual comparison and identification of superior genotypes, thereby supporting decisions on haricot bean variety selection and recommendation in different environments.
erotic preteen sex stories survivingediscovery.com adult teacher anal sex stories
adult fetish stories click indian sex stories
how to cheat on my husband go looking to cheat
cvs weekly deals cvs coupon deal drug prescription card
neurontin 400mg link zovirax pill
promo code for walgreens site walgreens photo coupons online
valacyclovir 1g blog.dotnetnerd.dk levofloxacin
discount prescription coupons link discount prescription drug card
low blood sugar blood sugar control
cialis marche pas avec moi cialis marche pas avec moi cialis marche pas avec moi
online viagra cheap viagra for sale uk viagra problems side effects
cialis gel cialis forum hr cialis forum hr
niacin centauricom.com niasinamid
reglan bez recepta tracyawheeler.com reglan upute
selegilin preis selegilin preis selegilin tabletta
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 228-236. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-5
Pub. Date: October 02, 2014
25190 Views8512 Downloads38 Likes3 Citations
Racy Nature-A Sun Technology towards Quantum Agriculture
Original Research
An alive, smart and enthusiastic (racy) agriculture technology developed based on innovative application of scientific facts and assembled convergence package capsule of best practices derived from the past researches is named as racy nature agriculture. It uses concept of quantum mechanics and produces technologies of generation I (1G), even without conducting experiment and completes research needs by optimisation for bringing world agriculture to generation II (2G). This unique green Sun technology is universally applicable to enlighten all ecosystems, soils, crops, both rainfed and irrigated agriculture, together with eliminate the global worries of sustainable food production and protection of environment.
erotic preteen sex stories survivingediscovery.com adult teacher anal sex stories
married men cheat wives who cheat on husbands love affairs with married men
free malayalam hot sex stories site adult stories choose your own adventure
lesbian sex stories site mom sex stories
sms spy android allindiasweetsrestaurant.com message spy app android
viagra free sample coupons printable viagra coupon viagra coupon
discount prescription drug cards discount prescription cards online coupons for walgreens
cipro 250mg read sildenafil citrate 200mg
prescription transfer coupon site free prescription drug cards
bystolic generic name what is the generic for bystolic
cialis coupon code coupons for prescription drugs coupon prescription
coupons for prescription drugs crmsociety.com drug coupons
amoxicillin bivirkninger go amoxicillin rash
escitalopram afbouwen click escitalopram teva
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 223-227. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-4
Pub. Date: September 28, 2014
18135 Views7110 Downloads33 Likes1 Citations
Grain Legumes in Nepal: Present Scenario and Future Prospects
Original Research
Grain legumes play an important role in Nepalese agriculture contributing towards food and nutritional security, nitrogen economy, crop intensification, diversification and sustainable farming systems and rank fourth in terms of area and fifth in agricultural production. Grain Legumes Research program (GLRP) of Nepal in collaboration with CGIAR centers works for genetic improvement of lentil, chickpea, pigeonpea, soybean, mungbean, blackgram, and cowpea, resulting in development of 35 improved varieties and a dozen of production technologies for different agro-ecological domains. This has led to substantial increase (142%) in grain legumes production, mainly because of 47% area increase and 65% yield increase during the last two and a half decades. The current estimates for area, production and productivity of grain legumes in Nepal are 334,323 ha, 319,770 metric tons and 956 kg ha-1, respectively. Lentil is the major grain legume and accounts for 62% of area and 65% production of total grain legumes in Nepal and has emerged as an important export commodity. A number of micro-nutrient rich (iron, zinc and selenium) lentil lines have been identified in collaboration with ICARDA and scaled out under the Harvest Plus Challenge Program. Further efforts are underway for expanding area under lentil, chickpea, fieldpea, and lathyrus in rice-fallow through Village based seed enterprise under OFID/ICARDA program. There is further scope for increase in area, production and productivity of grain legumes in Nepal through development and popularization of suitable varieties and technologies, streamlining community based seed production system, addressing climate change issues and policy reforms for the promotion of legumes.
why do men cheat on their girlfriends site i cheat on my girlfriend
boyfriend cheated on me blog.perecruit.com i dream my husband cheated on me
forced sex with siblings stories femchoice.org masterbation classes sex stories
how to cheat on my husband justinbuchanan.com looking to cheat
walgreens store coupon link walgreens photo printing coupons
printable free coupons bvandam.com free rx coupons
linzess patient assistance site generic bystolic
tudorza patient assistance bystolic generic
cialis marche pas avec moi cialis marche pas avec moi cialis marche pas avec moi
online viagra cheap viagra problems side effects viagra problems side effects
cialis discount coupons sporturfintl.com 2015 cialis coupon
escitalopram afbouwen escitalopram wiki escitalopram teva
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 216-222. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-3
Pub. Date: September 25, 2014
37126 Views9340 Downloads45 Likes2 Citations
An Evaluation of Adaptation Options to Climate Pressure on Highland Robusta Coffee Production, Daklak Province, Vietnam
Special Issue
Adaptation to changes of temperature and rainfall is a two-stage process, which initially hinges on the farmers’ perception of climate variability and then responding to changes through adaptation strategies. Adaptation evaluation is considered as part of a planned policy coping with consciously planned, primarily anticipatory adaptation initiatives undertaken by decision makers, specifically individual farmers. An evaluation goes beyond the identification, characterization of adaptation approaches and with regards to an adaptation option’s relative merit, superiority or implement-ability. Evaluative criteria do not only mention on principally economic dimension, but also relate to the different considerations. The objectives of this study (1) undertakes an evaluation of adaptation options in level of coffee farms by five alternatives involving in effectiveness, economic efficiency, flexibility, farmer implement-ability and independent benefits and (2) analyzes the determining factors impacting on the farmers’ adaptation level. The study uses data from structured interviews with 176 coffee farmers in Ea H’leo District, Daklak Province, Vietnam. The multiple criteria evaluation, unity based normalization and weighted sum methods are employed to assess the farmers’ adaptation options. The Ordered logit model is also used to estimate the relationship between the farmers’ adaptation level and their demographic and socio-economic characteristics. The result of multiple criteria evaluation indicated that amongst five evaluative criteria, the economic efficiency and effectiveness were assessed with the highest weights about importance level. The outcome of weighted sum of adaptation options highlighted that the level of adaptation was not positive relationship with the number of adaptation options which the farmers adapted to climate pressure for their coffee farm. It depended on the adaptation’s multiple considerations. The findings of regression model also revealed that factors related to the households’ socio-economic characteristics had statistically significant impacted to choosing the adaptation level at significant level 1%, 5%.
why does my boyfriend cheat click how to get your boyfriend to cheat on you
spy for free i spy app for android stock spy android
manual vacuum aspiration abortion site how abortions are performed
women love to cheat meet and cheat why wife cheat
internet drug coupons fyter.cn drug coupons
viagra coupons printable click prescriptions coupons
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
prescription transfer coupon site free prescription drug cards
bystolic discount coupon bystolic coupon 2014
tudorza patient assistance bystolic generic
low blood sugar blood sugar control
selegilin preis selegilin beipackzettel selegilin tabletta
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 205-215. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-2
Pub. Date: September 17, 2014
21151 Views6601 Downloads32 Likes
The Evolution of Income Distribution in Brazil in the Agricultural and the Non-agricultural Sectors
Original Research
The paper analyzes the characteristics and evolution of income distribution in the Brazilian agricultural sector, comparing it with the overall distribution or with the non-agricultural sector, considering two dimensions: the per capita household income and the income of occupied persons. The main data source is the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD). In order to fulfill this purpose, the per capita household income was divided into nine components (for Brazil and considering only the agricultural households) to evaluate their contributions to the decrease in inequality. In the second part, the paper analyzes the characteristics of occupied persons and the determining factors of their income, always comparing the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. The estimated effects were analyzed over the period 1992-2012, adjusting one earnings equation for each year. In both cases (per capita household income and earnings of occupied persons), the agricultural sector showed a markedly different behavior. Regarding the per capita household income, though from 2001 to 2009 the rate of reduction in inequality among agricultural households is similar to the one observed in Brazil as a whole, the determinants associated with this reduction are clearly different in the agricultural sector. Concerning the income of occupied persons, the reduction in inequality is less intense and more irregular in the agricultural sector. The various factors that determine the income of occupied persons also presented distinct behaviors for the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors.
how many guys cheat read how women cheat
black women white men maxcook.com married woman looking to cheat
adult fetish stories click indian sex stories
why people cheat site married looking to cheat
zithromax pill sporturfintl.com tadalafil
prescription transfer coupon copay cards for prescription drugs free coupon for viagra
discount prescription drug cards read cialis prescription coupon
prescription transfer coupon site free prescription drug cards
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(5), 192-204. DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-5-1
Pub. Date: September 15, 2014
49768 Views13537 Downloads36 Likes3 Citations